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Stomach Flu Causes Continued:

Tomato Alert        Swine Flu Influenza (Mexico)

Stomach Flu (Viral Gastroenteritis) is often mistakenly called “- stomach flu,” but it is not caused by the influenza virus and it does not infect the stomach. Also, Stomach Flu (Viral Gastroenteritis) is not caused by bacteria or parasites. For information about bacterial infections, please see the Bacteria and Foodborne Illness fact sheet from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

Tomato Alert---

June 18, 2008 — Government health officials are blaming more than 150 new illnesses on the salmonella outbreak linked to tomatoes.

Officials now say they've counted 383 salmonella cases, up from the 228 reported on Monday. The outbreak now extends to 30 states and the District of Columbia.

"We do not think this outbreak is over," Robert Tauxe, MD, deputy director of the Division of Foodborne, Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases at the CDC, told reporters Wednesday. "CDC is continuing to receive reports of ill people."

Tauxe said the latest person to be sickened by contaminated tomatoes fell ill on June 5 with the saintpaul salmonella strain.



Tauxe said his agency does not believe the rate of infections has accelerated. Officials said case numbers jumped because states have stepped up their salmonella surveillance and because previously obtained lab samples have begun to come back.

The outbreak has been blamed on contaminated raw Roma, plum, and red round tomato varieties grown in certain states. Officials said seven new states have seen infections. At least 48 people have been hospitalized.

FDA officials said they had not yet found the source of the outbreak. Investigators are focusing on farms in South Florida and in Mexico as possible sources but have not given more specific information.

"I'm not able to tell you definitively yet where these contaminated tomatoes come from," said David Acheson, MD, the FDA's associate commissioner for foods.

Salmonella infection can cause diarrhea, vomiting, and fever, but it is usually not fatal. It can be dangerous in infants, the elderly, and in people with compromised immune systems because of HIV/AIDS, chemotherapy, or other conditions.

Officials have not linked the outbreak in tomatoes to any deaths.

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Swine Influenza (Flu)  April 23, 2009

Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza that regularly cause outbreaks of influenza among pigs. Swine flu viruses do not normally infect humans, however, human infections with swine flu do occur, and cases of human-to-human spread of swine flu viruses has been documented. US infected from Mexico Swine flu.

From December 2005 through February 2009, a total of 12 human infections with swine influenza were reported from 10 states in the United States. Since March 2009, a number of confirmed human cases of a new strain of swine influenza A (H1N1) virus infection in California, Texas, and Mexico have been identified. An investigation into these cases is ongoing.

General Information about Swine Flu
Questions and answers and guidance for treatment and infection control

Human Swine Flu Investigation
Information about the investigation of human swine flu in California

Stomach Virus Transmission

Stomach Flu (Viral Gastroenteritis) is highly contagious. The viruses are commonly transmitted by people with unwashed hands. People can get the viruses through close contact with infected individuals by sharing their food, drink, or eating utensils, or by eating food or drinking beverages that are contaminated with the virus. Noroviruses in particular, are typically spread to other people by contact with stool or vomit of infected people and through contaminated water or food—- especially oysters from contaminated waters.

People who no longer have symptoms may still be contagious, since the virus can be found in their stool for up to 2 weeks after they recover from their illness. Also, people can become infected without having symptoms and they can still spread the infection.

Outbreaks of Stomach Flu (Viral Gastroenteritis) can occur in households, child care settings, schools, nursing homes, cruise ships, camps, dormitories, restaurants, and other places where people gather in groups. If you suspect that you were exposed to a virus in one of these settings or by foods prepared on the premise of places such as a restaurant, deli, or bakery, you may want to contact your local health department, which tracks outbreaks.

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